10.b Services and other materials - €18,298 million

 

Millions of euro      
  2020 2019 Change
Wheeling 9,619 9,879 (260) -2.6%
Maintenance and repairs 1,127 1,145 (18) -1.6%
Telephone and postal costs 172 181 (9) -5.0%
Communication services 116 142 (26) -18.3%
IT services 823 806 17 2.1%
Leases and rentals 396 382 14 3.7%
Other services 3,648 3,935 (287) -7.3%
Purchase of environmental certificates 673 481 192 39.9%
Fair value gain on contracts for purchase of environmental certificates (IFRS 9) (1) 71 256 (185) -72.3%
Other materials 1,653 1,629 24 1.5%
Total 18,298 18,836 (538) -2.9%

(1) The 2019 figures have been adjusted to take account of the reclassification of the fair value gain on contracts for the purchase of commodities with physical settlement (IFRS 9) from “Other operating costs”.

Costs for services and other materials, equal to €18,298 million in 2020, decreased by €538 million compared with 2019, mainly due to:

  • a decline in wheeling costs, mainly in Spain, Chile and Brazil, connected with the contraction in volumes transported;
  • a reduction in costs for “other services” of €287 million, essentially due to the decrease in costs for services connected with the electricity and gas business (€93 million), the value-added services business (€40 million) and travel expenses (€85 million).

All of the effects mentioned above were substantially affected by the measures introduced to counter the COVID-19 pandemic.