Notes to the consolidated financial statements

Basis of presentation

1. Form and content of the consolidated financial statements

Enel SpA has its registered office in Viale Regina Margherita 137, Rome, Italy, and since 1999 has been listed on the Milan stock exchange.

There were no changes in the company name in 2020.

Enel is an energy multinational and is one of the world’s leading integrated operators in the electricity and gas industries, with a special focus on Europe and Latin America.

The consolidated financial statements as at and for the year ended December 31, 2020 comprise the financial statements of Enel SpA, its subsidiaries and Group holdings in associates and joint ventures, as well as the Group’s share of the assets, liabilities, costs and revenue of joint operations (“the Group”).

A list of the subsidiaries, associates, joint operations and joint ventures included in the consolidation scope is attached.

These consolidated financial statements were approved and authorized for publication by the Board of Directors on March 18, 2021.

These consolidated financial statements have been audited by KPMG SpA.

Basis of presentation

The consolidated financial statements as at and for the year ended December 31, 2020 have been prepared in accordance with international accounting standards (International Accounting Standards - IAS and International Financial Reporting Standards - IFRS) issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB), the interpretations of the IFRS Interpretations Committee (IFRSIC) and the Standing Interpretations Committee (SIC), recognized in the European Union pursuant to Regulation (EC) no. 1606/2002 and in effect as of the close of the year. All of these standards and interpretations are hereinafter referred to as the “IFRS-EU”.

The consolidated financial statements have also been prepared in conformity with measures issued in implementation of Article 9, paragraph 3, of Legislative Decree 38 of February 28, 2005.

The consolidated financial statements consist of the income statement, the statement of comprehensive income, the statement of financial position, the statement of changes in equity and the statement of cash flows and the related notes.

The assets and liabilities recognized in the statement of financial position are classified on a “current/non-current basis”, with separate reporting of assets held for sale and liabilities included in disposal groups held for sale. Current assets, which include cash and cash equivalents, are assets that are intended to be realized, sold or consumed during the normal operating cycle of the Group; current liabilities are liabilities that are expected to be settled during the normal operating cycle of the Group.

The income statement classifies costs on the basis of their nature, with separate reporting of profit/ (loss) from continuing operations and profit/ (loss) from discontinued operations attributable to owners of the Parent and to non-controlling interests.

The consolidated cash flow statement is prepared using the indirect method, with separate reporting of any cash flows by operating, investing and financing activities associated with discontinued operations.

In particular, although the Group does not diverge from the provisions of IAS 7 in the classification of items:

  • cash flows from operating activities report cash flows from core operations, interest on loans granted and obtained and dividends received from associates or joint ventures;
  • investing activities comprise investments in property, plant and equipment and intangible assets and disposals of such assets and contract assets related to service concession arrangements. They include, also, the effects of business combinations in which the Group acquires or loses control of companies, as well as other minor investments;
  • cash flows from financing activities include cash flows generated by liability management transactions and leases, dividends and interim dividends paid to owners of the Parent and non-controlling interests and the effects of transactions in non-controlling interests that do not change the status of control of the companies involved;
  • a separate item is used to report the impact of exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents and their impact on profit or loss is eliminated in full in order to neutralize the effect on cash flows from operating activities.

For more information on cash flows as reported in the statement of cash flows, please see the note on “Cash flows” in the Report on Operations.

The consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis using the cost method, with the exception of items measured at fair value in accordance with IFRS, as explained in the measurement bases applied to each individual item, and of non-current assets and disposal groups classified as held for sale, which are measured at the lower of their carrying amount and fair value less costs to sell.

The consolidated financial statements are presented in euro, the functional currency of the Parent Enel SpA. All figures are shown in millions of euro unless stated otherwise.

The consolidated income statement, the statement of financial position and the consolidated statement of cash flows report transactions with related parties, the definition of which is given in note 2.2 “Significant accounting policies”.

The consolidated financial statements provide comparative information in respect of the previous year.